Follow me on TwitterMy Tweets
Looking for something?
Tool BoxNorth Carolina: A Land of Contrasts book- http://mystatehistory.com/north_carolina/nc_book/book.html Rewordify https://rewordify.com/ Word It Out!- http://worditout.com/word-cloud/make-a-new-one
- Follow 8th Grade Social Studies on WordPress.com
- Social Darwinism
- Collective bargaining
- Robber Barons
- Oil and Steel
- Moving to the city
- Make Labor Unions
- Big businesses needed workers
- Transport goods
- Harsh business practices
- Government sided with business
- Get rid of competition
- Supervise trusts
- Oil is used in many things
- Government could regulate business
Using your Reconstruction handout, create a 15 question quiz. Each question must be answerable using the handout, without using any outside materials.
The questions may be…
- Multiple Choice
- Fill in the blank (include word bank)
- True False
NO MORE than 5 of each kind.
Reconstruction test review
- First black senator?
- A leading radical Republican?
- President who was impeached?
- Secretary of war who was fired?
- president who got into office by compromise?
- President who wanted to go easy on the south after the war?
- Should have won the election of 1877?
- A leading radical Republican?
- Southern general who started the Klan?
- President who had a corrupt government?
- Members of Congress who wanted to punish the south?
- What amendment freed the slaves?
- What agency was created to help freed blacks after the war?
- What amendment gave black men the right to vote?
- What were black codes?
- What organization attempted to scare blacks away from voting?
- What amendment gave all former slaves citizenship?
- What plan did Lincoln have for reconstruction?
- What plan was considered harsh by radical Republicans?
- Why did radical Republicans want to impeach Pres. Johnson?
- What were Black Codes, and what did they do?
- What is impeachment? Why did Radical Republicans attempt to impeach Andrew Johnson?
Big Idea (Copy it down)
- Fifteenth Amendment: Gives ____________ the right to ___________.
- Freedman’s Bureau
Government agency set up to help former slaves get _________________, ____________________, and __________________________.
b. It also helped slaves try to find ___________________.
c. It was also used as a political ________________________.
- State of the South
Most cities are ________________________ and many farms burned down. Most railroads have been _______________. The South also had a lot of ______________ to pay off.
b. To raise money, the south passed ____________, _______________, ____________, and _____________.
c. Radicals helped to build ________________, ____________________, _________________, _________________, ____________________, and ____________________.
d. Government promised _____________ to freed slaves.
- Hated in the South
_________________________ were Northerners who moved down South looking to rebuild or looking for an opportunity.
b. ____________________________ were Southerners who joined the Republicans.
- Extensions of Slavery
There were _______________ freed slaves hanging around with nowhere to go.
b. Northerners wanted ____________ for the factories and Southerners wanted to grow it but didn’t want to pay __________ for it.
c. __________________________ was when a family would rent land out and pay with a percentage of the crop at the end of the harvest.
d. ____________________________ was when a family would rent out land and pay with money during the year.
e. Both ______________________ and _________________________ kept Blacks in a cycle of poverty that they could not escape from because of the crookedness of many plantation owners.
- Formed by ____________________ to intimidate ____________ from voting.
- The Klan also targeted _______________ and ___________________.
- Congress fought back by passing the ____________________ which would prosecute them for violation of ____________________.
- Grant’s Presidency
- One of the most ________________ ridden presidencies ever.
- While he was innocent, his friends stole money from collecting tax from ____________ and from selling lands that were promised to ______________.
- Panic of 1873
- After the Civil War, there was a boom in ___________________ construction, with __________ miles of new track laid across the country between 1866 and 1873.
- The railroad industry involved large amounts of __________and ___________. An investment company led by Jay Cooke in Philly invested a lot of money into building a new transcontinental railroad.
- When not enough people bought shares in his company, he couldn’t pay his debts. Cooke’s banking company went ________________.
- While businesses were expanding, the money needed to finance it was becoming more _________
- The firm’s bankruptcy created a _________________________, causing major upset to the economy of the United States.
- Of the country’s ______ railroads, _____ went bankrupt.
- A total of __________ businesses failed between 1873 and 1875.
- End of Reconstruction
- In the Election of _______, there was no clear winner as 20 _________________ are in dispute. Some people even talk of a _________________ over party lines.
- Democrats, who control the ________________, offer that they will allow ______________________to be president if ______________________ is ended.
- Legacy of Reconstruction
- South is still ______ and recovering.
- Blacks still struggling to survive after _____________.
- Blacks did become members of the __________________, briefly.
- Blacks finally given opportunity for ________________.
- North-South _______ continues to this day.
- ________________ in full control of South for ______ years.
- __________ on the rise—birth of Jim Crow and __________________.
- Failure to pass a full Civil Rights law until __________.
- Supreme Court undermined a lot of Radical ______________.
- Republicans “_________________________” Blacks.
|Amendment||What did it do?||Picture|
The Cycle of Sharecropping
- In two complete sentences, describe Lincoln’s 10% plan. What did it call for? How was it viewed?
- How did the North view Andrew Johnson?
Andrew Johnson was very friendly towards the south, many northern radicals disliked him.
- Black Codes
- These were laws passed by the South to restrict the _______________ of __________________________.
- Blacks were denied ________________, _________________________, ______________________, __________________________, ____________________, and _______________________.
- In order to vote, Blacks had to pass a _________________________ or were restricted by the ______________________________.
- Civil Rights Act of 1866
- Made by Congress as a way to counteract the _____________________.
- Blacks were given the right to ______________________, ____________________, _______________________, and ________________.
- It was ___________________ by Johnson but ___________________ by Congress.
- The Radicals Strike Back
- In the election of 1866, the Radicals have a ______________ margin in the Senate and ________________ in the, virtually wiping out any power the Democrats, and Johnson have
- Radicals refuse to readmit any _______ let in by Johnson.
- Johnson retaliates by ____________ laws but most are overridden easily by Congress.
- Radicals pass the _____ Amendment which gives citizenship status to _____________. It also refuses to admit any person into government service who worked for the Southern government or fought against the Union.
- Reconstruction Act of 1867
- Passed by the Radicals, it placed the South under _______________________.
- All of the South, except _________________, were placed into military districts.
- The only people who could vote were _________________ and __________________________.
- Johnson vetoed it, but it was overridden.
- The Radicals were tired of Johnson getting in their way. They passed the _____________________________ as a way to trap him.
- According to the law, the president could not ________ anyone that the Senate had appointed unless the Senate gave their permission.
- He didn’t consider the law and fired Sec. of War __________________, who was a friend of the Radicals.
- Radicals respond by voting to ______________________ him and remove him from office. During the trial, he failed to be removed by ______________.
- For the rest of his term, Johnson is viewed as a weak president and Congress just runs over him.
What are Black Codes?
Why was the 14th Amendment Important?
Why did the Radicals try to Impeach Andrew Johnson
- In 2 sentences, describe the Civil War.
- Who ultimately won the Civil War?
- What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
- Lincoln’s 10% plan was not as radical as some wanted.
Reconstruction Guided Notes
- Radical Republicans
- Originally, they were ___ supporting Republicans from the ______.
- After the war, they want to severely __________ the South and give rights to the ________________________.
- They will dominate _____________ during and after the war.
- Lincoln’s Plan vs the Radical Plan
- The __% Plan. Would allow any Southern state to come back into the Union with full rights after ___% of the population took a ________________.
- Once the state abolished ___________, it was welcomed back.
- Radicals thought that this was too ____________ on the South.
- Radicals supported the ____________________ which really punished the South.
- It would refuse to let any Southern state back in until over ___% could prove that they did not fight in the war or serve in the Confederate government. In effect, reconstruction would take over 30 years.
- Lincoln _____________________ the bill, thus avoiding it being ____________.
- Lincoln felt that ____ should be in charge of reconstruction while the Radicals believed that ____________ should. When Lincoln died, it was believed that President _____________ would align himself with the Radicals.
- Andrew Johnson
- Johnson was the only _________________________ who did not follow his state out of the Union. He is seen as a _______________ to the South and has joined the _______________.
- However, he starts to ___________________ all of the states back into the country provided that they ______________________, _____________________, and ___________________________.
- It was similar to Lincoln’s plan, but high ranking officers, government officials, and planters couldn’t take the ____________________________.
- After this plan, __________________________ felt that he was part of them and he made an enemy of the ___________________.
- This pushed Johnson to be closer to the South and he pardoned _____________ former Confederates. He was also against _____________ for _______________.
- Meanwhile all of the states except _____________ wrote new constitutions and all except __________________ ratified the ______________________.
- Many of the new representatives from the South had either served in the Confederate army or government.
A. The period after the Civil War, 1865 – 1877, was called the Reconstruction period.
B. Lincoln wanted to bring the Nation back together as quickly as possible and in December 1863 he offered his plan which required that the states’ new constitutions prohibit slavery.
C. However, Lincoln believed that in order to rebuild national unity, Southern states should be treated leniently.
D. But in 1865, only a few days after the South surrendered, Lincoln was assassinated.
E. The new President, Andrew Johnson lacked Lincoln’s authority but sought to follow Lincoln’s plan of lenient treatment (most rebel leaders were pardoned).
|II. The Thirteenth Amendment
A. In January 1865, Congress proposed an amendment to the Constitution which would abolish slavery in the United States.
B. On December 18, 1865, Congress ratified the Thirteenth Amendment formally abolishing slavery.
|III. The Black Codes
A. The nation also faced the problem of how to deal with the millions of freed slaves, known as freedmen.
B. Congress established the Freedman’s Bureau to help the freed slaves.
C. However, Southern states were slow to extend voting rights to the freedmen.
D. In fact, Southern states passed Black Codes to regulate the lives of former slaves.
E. Black Codes made it illegal for freedmen to hold public office, to travel freely, or to serve on juries.
|IV. The Radical Republicans
A. The Radical Republicans, a group of Northern Congressmen, wanted the freedmen to be granted political equality.
B. They passed a Civil Rights Bill guaranteeing freedmen’s rights, and restored military rule over the South.
C. To ensure that this legislation would not be held unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, they rewrote the Civil Rights Bill as the Fourteenth Amendment.
D. This amendment granted U.S. citizenship to all former slaves.
1. The Fourteenth Amendment allowed federal courts to protect individual rights from acts by state governments.
A. Carpetbagger was the name given to Northerners who came south for political and economic reasons.
B. They were considered corrupt individuals who were using Reconstruction as a means to advance their own personal interests.
~ Adapted from howard.edu and The Key to Understanding U.S. History and Government
- What was Reconstruction? ________________________________________________________________________
- When was the Reconstruction era? ________________________________________________________________________
- What did Lincoln want to occur during the Reconstruction era? ________________________________________________________________________
- Why do you think Lincoln wanted this to occur? ________________________________________________________________________
- What happened to Lincoln only a few days after the South surrendered? ________________________________________________________________________
- Who succeeded Lincoln as President of the United States? ________________________________________________________________________
- What was stated in the Thirteenth Amendment? ________________________________________________________________________
- What was the purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau? ________________________________________________________________________
- What were Black Codes? ________________________________________________________________________
- How did Black Codes prevent equality for the freed slaves? ________________________________________________________________________
- Who were the Radical Republicans? ________________________________________________________________________
- What did Radical Republicans do to try to ensure that freed slaves would gain political equality? ________________________________________________________________________
- What was stated in the Fourteenth Amendment? ________________________________________________________________________
- Who were Carpetbaggers? ________________________________________________________________________
- Why did Southerners dislike Carpetbaggers? ________________________________________________________________________
- It is often stated “the failure of Reconstruction.” How did the Reconstruction era fail? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
- Why did emancipation often rarely bring political equality to the freed slaves? ________________________________________________________________________
- Some Radical Republicans wanted “forty acres and a mule” for each newly freed slave. How would an allowance of “forty acres and a mule” to each newly freed slave changed the lives of newly freed slaves? ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________